segunda-feira, 23 de maio de 2011

A língua do Pai Nosso

Inglês contemporâneo: Our father, who is in heaven, may your name be kept holy. May your kingdom come into being. May your will be followed on earth, just as it is in heaven. Give us this day our food for the day. And forgive us our offenses, just as we forgive those who have offended us. And do not bring us to the test. But free us from evil. For the kingdom, the power, and the glory are yours forever. Amen.

Inglês modern (c. 1600):  Our father, which are in heaven, hallowed be thy Name. Thy kingdom come. Thy will be done, on earth, as it is in heaven. Give us this day our daily bread. And forgive us our trespasses, as we forgive those who trespass against us. And lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from evil. For thine is the kingdom, and the power, and the glory, for ever, amen.

Inglês médio (c. 1400): Oure fadir que art in heuenes, halowid be thi name, thi kyngdom come to, be thi wille don in erthe es in heuene, yeue to us this day oure bread ouir other substance, & foryeue to us oure dettis, as we forgeuen to oure dettouris, & lede us not in to temptacion: but delyuer us from yuel, amen.

Inglês antigo (c. 1000): Faeder ure thu the eart on heofonum, si thin nama gehalgod. Tobecume thin rice. Gewurthe in willa on eortban swa swa on heofonum. Urne gedaeghwamlican hlaf syle us to daeg. E forgyf us ure gyltas, swa swa we forgyfath urum gyltedum. And ne gelaed thu us on contnungen, ac alys us of yfele. Sothlice.

Steven Pinker, "A Torre de Babel", in O instinto da linguagem, São Paulo, Martins Fontes, 2002,  p. 316.

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